The national matters and border fights with India, the socio-economic variances in the interior of the country. The efforts for a share of power in the middle of the provinces. Whereas, the earliest loss of Pakistan was the early death of the creator of the Pakistan, Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. These are the situations that create policy making consciousness as well as their preparedness in acquaint with the democratic processes. Besides, it also gives place to the non-democratic elements in the country taking in the army. Today we will discuss the major causes of political instability in Pakistan.
Even though so many decades have been passed, however, the country failed to take itself out of tribal, feudal as well as sectarian segregation. In this forbidding state of affairs, the public has been left inexpert on the way to observance; regularly looked-for to grip political leaders answerable. Pakistan unsuccessful to start a constant democratic government because of legitimate fight. As a result of, political instability in Pakistan, the economic and social development of the country has been imperfect.
Main Causes of Political Instability in Pakistan
The primary causes of the political instability in Pakistan depend on the wrong systems like feudal system; besides, the party that wins the election and comes in power takes all of the approaches to governing. All of these practices have done by the military as well as civilian leaders. Furthermore, even the leading political party of Pakistan, The Muslim League that made numberless efforts to make Pakistan not have internal democracy.
The provincial in addition to native political parties kept Muslim League only as a paper-party. In the start days of the country, there was no political party into the competition of the Muslim League. Whereas, the original party itself has been wiped out.
On top of the political heritage of Muslim League, bureaucracy at the level of the civil and military level; that was of considerable reputation because of its random number. It gets a lot of power that they make miserable the political foundation. The constitution not more than a decade’s history from 1947 to 1956; was an unpleasant workout of the political performers. They make sure the military involvement in each and every field of life.
There was a critical situation when the constitution was absent. As well as, it makes people allow to use power and manipulate the political and legitimate foundation, as they want to use it. Not the same influential civil and military bureaucrats have done blasphemy to the legislation, political parties as well as parliament.
Political parties are not working for the country in a just way. The Intra Party election is not to realized. Moreover, the leaders, are acting in the country as dictators. Political parties are well-known for the name of their leaders, even if they have died. Representation has damaged the actual spirit of democracy tremendously.
Role of Judiciary for the Political Instability of Pakistan
In the political instability of Pakistan, the role of the judiciary cannot ignore. The judiciary has also played a strategic role throughout the history. Frequently, the part of the judiciary is at risk. Subsequently, it provides the ways to the political dictators, under the umbrella of legal way, to take up the power. The constitution revoked a lot of times with the assistance of the law lords.
At the side of the law lords and Army’s part in the politics, the intelligence agencies turn out to be a leading actor on the countrywide political act. Military intelligence and Inter-Services-Intelligence (ISI) are widely believed to have had a significant hand in shaping the candidates and the choices available to voters at least since General Zia’s general election of 1985. How can a fair and truly democratic government will come out that will make all the dreams true of their great leader as well as the founder of Pakistan?
Over and above, all of the reasons and factors that brought the anti-democracy behavior into Pakistan.
Revival of Political Stability in Pakistan
Following factors will affect for the revival of democracy and to overcome political instability in Pakistan.
- First of all, we have to reform the Judiciary to make it independent
- Establishment of free election commission
- Internal local party elections
- Free but legalized media
- Provinces division
- Give preference to local and provincial government
- Constitutions implementation in the country
- Fair and timed elections
- Protection of rights of civil liberties and minorities
The national political parties should embrace a new spirit of cooperation and constructive opposition, moving beyond old confrontational and self-defeating street action and walk-outs and boycott politics to involve in vigorous political debates free of destruction.